Muslim weddings, also called as ‘Nikah’ have some common rituals which are generally followed in all the countries. But there are some rituals that differ from country to country. Let us study the diversities in the way of performing marriages in some countries. However, whatever the slight differences in the nature of some events are, overall, the muslim marriage is celebrated the same way right from the craze for the muslim wedding cards to the walima.
The word ‘Nikah’ which literally means ‘to unite’ is an Arabic word. As it is said in many religions, that marriages are pre decided by god and that the pairing is already made in heaven, Muslims do not agree upon such belief. For them marriages are more of social agreements which on a later stage, turns into a legal contract. Both the bride and the groom are bound by this contract, which imposes certain rights and obligations on them.
Now let us see the celebration part of the Islamic weddings. It is held in three parts the proposal, mahr and the final part which is nikah. These celebrations mostly take place in the month of shawwal. Whereas some sacred months like Muharrram and Ramadan are considered unfavorable for weddings.
Irani Muslims has their own style of performing rituals. They prefer to keep the nikah as a private affair by keeping the functions at bride’s home .In Iran; there is a custom where they spread a silk cloth with embroidery, on the floor where they sit to have their food. This cloth is been taken care of since ages which was passed to them by their ancestors. They also place their holy book called Koran in the middle and place a bowl of coins on the side table which is a sign of a wealthy marriage life.
In countries like India and Pakistan, the feast is called by the groom’s family. They also celebrate the mehndi function, one day before the nikah, where the hands of the bride and groom are painted by henna. Nikah is consummated by signing the contact in front of their holy priest who is called as Imam. Egyptians has a similar way of celebrating.
Malaysians have to sign their official marriage papers in the presence of the official of their religious court. They call the official as ‘kadhi’. In Great Britan, the bride and the groom exchange vows in a very simplistic way. Muslim weddings in Singapore are filled with excitement where the beautician of the bride asks a fat entry fee from the groom and then allows him to enter the place.
Thus we can see that though there are regional variations but the Muslim wedding has more or less the same nature and the events are also almost the same even if the regions are hundreds of miles apart. Apart from the sprit and jest it is the nature of muslim wedding cards is what is similar in all the countries.